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Safe Food Preparation

Author(s): Roberta Anding, MS, RD/LD, CDE
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Ecological Terminology

  • Environment - Surroundings of an organism including the plants, animals and microbes with which it interacts.
  • Ecology - Study of how living organisms interact with the physical and biological environments. A German biologist, Ernst Haeckel, coined the term ecology in 1866. 
  • Abiotic - Non-living chemical and physical factors of the environment (e.g. temperature, light, water, soil, nutrients).
  • Biotic - Living organisms that are part of the environment.
  • Population - A group of individuals of the same species living in the same geographic area.
  • Community - All interacting populations living in the same geographic area.
  • Ecosystem - All interacting communities of organisms and abiotic factors of the environment within a defined area.
  • Biosphere - The global ecosystem, including all the earth's regions that can support life (land, air, water).


Funded by the following grant(s)

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH

My Health My World: National Dissemination
Grant Number: 5R25ES009259
The Environment as a Context for Opportunities in Schools
Grant Number: 5R25ES010698, R25ES06932