Skip Navigation

Fossil Fuels and the Carbon Cycle

Author(s): Nancy Moreno, PhD, Deanne Erdmann, MS, and Sonia Rahmati Clayton, PhD
Showing Results for: energy Return to Presentation

Muscle Wasting Countermeasure Studies for NSBRI

The two key areas for countermeasures covered in this presentation are radiation-enhanced cancer and muscle wasting. Let’s start with countermeasures against muscle wasting.

To maintain muscle mass on Earth, muscle protein synthesis must equal muscle protein breakdown. This is not true in space, where protein breakdown exceeds protein synthesis, due to a number of factors, including inactivity (caused in large part by the microgravity environment), which does not place stress on the muscles. In addition, a depression in energy intake in space contributes to suboptimal nutrition and an increase in catabolic hormones, such as cortisol, as a reaction to stress. To counteract these negative effects on muscle mass and strength, it is necessary to develop countermeasures that supply optimal nutrition and appropriate exercise, and perhaps include anabolic agents.

Funded by the following grant(s)

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH

My Health My World: National Dissemination
Grant Number: 5R25ES009259
The Environment as a Context for Opportunities in Schools
Grant Number: 5R25ES010698, R25ES06932

Houston Endowment Inc.

Foundations for the Future: Capitalizing on Technology to Promote Equity, Access and Quality in Elementary Science Education