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The Ghost Map

Author(s): Gregory Vogt, Ed.D.

London: Mid to Late 1800s

By the mid nineteenth century, London became the world’s largest city. It was the capital of the British Empire and the world center for trade, money, and power.

By 1854, two and a half million Londoners lived within 9 miles of each other. London was a busy, crowded city packed with homes, businesses, and industries. Crisscrossing London were railroads, streets, and bridges.

Travel in the city was accomplished by walking, on horse-drawn vehicles, and by train. Coal fuel fueled the industry and homes of London, making the air foggy and sooty. 

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