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Overview of the Male Reproductive System

Author(s): Roberta Anding, MS, RD/LD, CDE
Showing Results for: hormones Return to Presentation

Human Male Reproductive System

The testes are located outside of the body cavity in the scrotum. Sperm are produced in the seminiferous tubules within the testes (Production is controlled by two hormones from the pituitary gland). Sperm are transported into the epididymus which stores and improves the fertility of sperm. From the epididymus, sperm are moved by cilia through the vas deferens and out through the urethra. Seminal fluid with nutrients for sperm is added by the seminal vesicle and prostate gland, producing semen. The bulblurethral gland (Cowper's gland) secretes an alkaline fluid to neutralize acidic traces of urine in the urethra. Semen is ejaculated through the penis into the vagina of the female during sexual intercourse.