Molecular Basis of Heredity: Part 2. Genomes
Structures and Functions of Genomes
In this slide set, we will explore the structures and functions of genomes, including the genomes of eukaryotes, prokaryotes and viruses. We also will explore the human genome in depth and learn how changes in the structure or number of chromosomes in the human genome lead to certain genetic disorders.
The image on this slide is a photograph of the model of the DNA molecule built by Drs. James Watson and Francis Crick in 1953. Drs. Watson and Crick used this model to depict their proposed structure for the DNA double helix. The hypothesized structure was derived from X-ray diffraction data produced by Drs. Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin. The model was constructed from metal scraps obtained from a machine shop.
Drs. Watson and Crick published their proposed DNA structure in the journal, Nature, on April 2, 1953 (Volume 171, page 737). For their work, Drs. Watson, Crick and Wilkins were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1962. Dr. Franklin died before 1962. Since Nobel Prizes are awarded only to living individuals, she could not be honored.
- The Chemical Heritage Foundation. (2002.) Chemical Achievers: James Watson, Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkins, and Rosalind Franklin. The Chemical Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 2-28-2005 from http://www.chemheritage.org/EducationalServices/chemach/ppb/cwwf.html
- The Dolan DNA Learning Center. (2002). DNA model by J. Watson and F. Crick. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Archives. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor, New York. Retrieved 06-20-2005 from http://www.dnalc.org/
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