Balances and Glassware for Solution Preparation
Diagram of the Human Brain
The brain and spinal cord are protected by meninges and cerebrospinal fluid. The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain and is responsible for memory, intelligence, learning and judgment. Most sensory and motor processing occurs in the cerebrum.
The cerebellum coordinates and balances the action of muscles.
The lower brain stem, including the midbrain, pons and medulla oblongata, relays information and helps maintain homeostasis (heart rate, breathing rate, body temperature, and sleep). In the upper brain stem, the thalamus is responsible for relaying signals from the sense organs, while the hypothalamus helps to regulate activities of the endocrine system, as well as hunger, thirst and body temperature.
The spinal cord connects the brain and peripheral nervous system through thirty-one pairs of spinal nerves.
Keywords: brain | cerebellum | cerebrum | human nervous system | human systems | meninges | spinal cord | human anatomy
- Campbell, N. E., & Reece, J. B. (2002). Biology (6th ed.). San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings.
- Raven, P. H., & Johnson, G. B. (2002). Biology (6th ed.). McGraw-Hill..
- LifeART. (1998). Super Anatomy Collection 1-9. Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins, All rights reserved.
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