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Cooperative Grouping: Ideas for Effective Classroom Practice

Author(s): Nancy Moreno, PhD, Barbara Tharp, MS, and Judith Dresden, MS.
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Antioxidant Cocktail Protection of DNA in Cells Exposed to 1 GeV/n Fe Ions II

It is generally assumed that radiation-induced double-strand DNA breaks can result in important biologic effects, so a reduction in levels of these DNA lesions would be expected to result in less biologic damage. This is just one example of a collaborative project between National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) Radiation Effects Team members. The NSBRI structure encourages such collaborative projects, and there are numerous other examples of collaborative studies within the Radiation Effects Team, between members of the NSBRI Radiation Effects Team and other NSBRI Team members, and between members of the NSBRI Radiation Effects Team and NASA-funded investigators.
At this time, NSBRI investigators have shown that the major space radiation-induced biological effects of concern (that is cell killing, mutation and cancer development) can be prevented or minimized. That is to say, "proof of principle" exists for the potential elimination of space radiation biologic effects, including those produced by HZE particle radiation. It is now clear that there are many different classes of modifying agents; these modifying agents have different potential toxicities and side effects. The challenge for NSBRI researchers now is to determine the best possible combinations of modifying agents so that the potential biological effects from space radiations can be eliminated with the fewest possible toxicities and side effects of the pharmaceutical or nutritional supplement agents utilized.

The investigations of the NSBRI Radiation Effects Team are focused on important research questions of particular relevance to both the NSBRI and NASA. NSBRI researchers will soon be focused on space radiation risks and countermeasures related to the acute effects which may occur as a result of astronaut exposure to proton radiation during an SPE.